Anorectal Malformations (ARMs) are a variety of conditions affecting both male and female newborn babies where there is an abnormality in the formation or position of the normal anus and rectum. Inspection for ARM is conducted soon after birth yet these conditions are frequently missed, with potential serious consequences.

This resource has been targeted towards midwives, ANNPs, neonatologists, general paediatricians and other healthcare professionals who examine the newborn infant as part of their role. It may also prove of value to student midwives and maternity support workers who wish to increase their awareness of these conditions.

This interactive course uses photos, diagrams, videos, quizzes and real life stories to enhance your learning.

On completion of the course you will be able to:

  • Examine the neonate for the presence of anorectal malformations at the initial examination (within 24 hours of birth)
  • Examine the neonate for anorectal and perianal malformations during the systematic physical examination (within 72 hours)
  • Discuss antenatal and postnatal signs and symptoms of anorectal malformation
  • Identify when to refer the neonate to the paediatrician for anorectal malformations or potential malformations

Study time: 20 minutes (includes two short videos)

This module relates to the following NMC Future midwife standards of proficiency for midwives: Domain 4 - Additional care for women and newborn infants with complications

Feedback from learners:

I'm a student midwife and I found this really interesting, I have never seen an ARM before and now I know exactly what to look out for and how to diagnose when something is abnormal.

This was a brilliant module, easy to follow and very enjoyable and informative. I feel that I have learnt the skills on how to identify ARM and it has given me a greater insight into the condition.

An interesting module, and useful in undertaking the full examination of the newborn. I liked the quizzes and case studies too.

Published: 2024